Sociology Interactive Quiz #1
Sociology Quiz #1: The Sociological Imagination 1. Which of the following is the BEST example of something that sociologists might study? – How wireless technology has enabled people in developing countries to communicate beyond their local communities. 2. Anything that humans create or take notice of, that exerts influence or pressure on their behavior is termed a social force . Which of these is the BEST application of the concept, “sociological imagination”? – understanding the technology of cellular phones The sociologist who first identified “social facts” as the subject of sociology was Emile Durkheim .
Things like norms for using cell phones, the cost of education, types of jobs that are the most available, and the fact that English is the dominant language spoken in the U. S. may seem very different from each other. But one thing they have in common is that Durkheim would consider all of them social facts. Peter Berger describes the “miracle of love” as being “somewhat synthetic. ” What does he mean by this? – The process of finding a romantic partner is largely directed by social forces, as opposed to being purely individualistic. Which sociologist was the first to make the distinction between troubles and issues?
C. Wright Mills A trouble is caused by a person’s personal difficulties or shortcomings. Mills called the ability to see the connection between personal circumstances and the social and historical context, or outside forces, the sociological imagination. Which of the following BEST describes the relationship between the individual and society? Individual troubles occur within and shaped by a particular historical and social context. The transition from muscle-driven, labor-intensive systems of production to mechanization and the use of power sources such as coal and water is called the Industrial Revolution. Read also Sociology and Social Integration.
The period of rapid industrialization and colonial expansion that followed the Industrial Revolution is called the Age of Imperialism. The term “sociology” was first invented by Auguste Comte, who defined the new discipline as a positivist science that studies the results of the human intellect. According to Comte’s “Law of Three Stages,” society develops in three stages. The last, and superior stage, according to Comte, was based on using direct observation and the scientific method to understand the world. 15. Karl Marx was most interested in the effects of capitalism upon society.
According to Marx, the primary cause of change in society is conflict. According to Emile Durkheim, the sociologist’s task is to analyze and explain solidarity within society. Durkheim explained rates of suicide in terms of social ties instead of an individual’s emotional state. An anomic state is one in which individual ties to the group are disrupted by a dramatic change in circumstances. Weber defined social action that is pursued because it was pursued in the past as traditional. According the Max Weber, the sociologist’s task is to analyze and explain – the reasons for, and the consequences of, social actions.
A woman finds a wallet that contains a driver’s license, in addition to hundreds of dollars. Despite the fact that she is experiencing serious financial difficulties, the woman returns the wallet and all of the money. Weber would define returning the wallet as value-rational action. According to W. E. B. DuBois, the “strange meaning of being black” in America includes double consciousness , which he defined as the “sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of the others and measuring one’s self by the tape of the world. ”
In order to better understand how mobile phone technology impacts the culture of a Native American group, a group of sociology students arranges to live several months on a reservation, and participate in the community life of the Native American group. Which classical sociologists would be most likely to have suggested this strategy for conducting research? Jane Addams 25. The continuing extension of social relationships across borders, so that goods, services, money, people, technology and information all flow throughout the world, is referred to as globalization.