Animal Farm and the Questions Underlying It
Identify Old Major, Boxer, Clover, Benjamin and Mollie. Old Major was an old pig. He began the whole idea of the revolution. Boxer was a huge and strong horse, not very smart but was nice. Clover the female horse she is Boxers faithful companion. Benjamin was a donkey, the oldest animal on the farm. He was skeptical, cynical, and never laughed. Mollie was foolish and liked sugar and ribbons. 2. For what purpose did Major call the meeting of the animals? He wanted to tell them about his dreams of a happier time for animals, a time when the animals can live together and have a much better life without Man. 3.
After they vote and decide rats are comrades, Major summarizes his points for the animals to remember. What are they? Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. 4. What is “Beasts of England”? For what does it stand? Beasts of England is the song of the revolution. It stands for the hopes and dreams of the animals for having a better life. 5. Why did the pigs get the job of teaching and organizing? They were smartest of the farm. 6. Identify Snowball, Napoleon, Squealer and Moses. Napoleon was not much of a talker but had a reputation for getting his own way.
Snowball was quicker in his speech , but was not considered to have the same depth of character. Squealer was a good talker. Moses was a tame raven who told the animals about Sugarcandy Mountain. 7. What actually brought about the rebellion? The animals were hungry and broke in to get food. When Jones tried to stop them, they didn’t listen. 8. What were the Seven Commandments? 1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. 2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. 3. No animal shall wear clothes. 4. No animal shall sleep in a bed. 5. No animal shall drink alcohol. 6. No animal shall kill any other animal. 7.
All animals are equal. 9. Who gained leadership of the animals? Why? The pigs gained leadership because they were the smartest and showed more leadership. 10. Describe the animals’ flag. The flag was green for the green fields of England. It had a white hoof and horn on it. 11. What happened to the milk and apples? How did Squealer rationalize that? The pigs were eating the milk and apples. They used it for brain food. Chapters 4 – 6 1. What was the Battle of the Cowshed? Jones and the other farmers came with sticks and guns to retake the farm. Snowball knew it was going to happen. 2. What was Snowball’s role in the Battle of the Cowshed?
Snowball’s role was one of leadership. He bravely fought with the animals. 3. Describe the relationship between Napoleon and Snowball. Napoleon and Snowball always disagree. 4. What topic divided the animals? Which pig was for and which was against? The topic of building the windmill divided the animals. Napoleon was against it Snowball wanted it. 5. How did Napoleon get rid of Snowball and gain full control of the animals? He had secretly been raising the nine puppies as guard dogs for himself. The dogs ran Snowball off the farm. 6. What changes did Napoleon make first? He ruled that choices would be made by the pigs. 7.
How did Squealer justify Napoleon’s take-over to the others? He said that Napoleon had taken on extra responsibility, that he wouldn’t want the animals to make the wrong decisions, and that loyalty and obedience were more important than bravery, so Napoleon was better. 8. What two maxims did Boxer adopt? “Napoleon is always right. ” “I will work harder. ” 9. Why did Napoleon in fact change his mind and decide to have the animals build the windmill? If the animals were busy on a project, they would have less time and energy to think about how miserable their lives were and would be therefore less likely to revolt against his authority. 0. For what purpose did Napoleon begin trading? He wanted to get money to buy the items the animals needed. 11. Why did the pigs say they had to move into the house? They needed a quiet place to work. 12. Who did Napoleon blame for the windmill disaster? Why? He blamed Snowball. Chapters 7 – 8 1. Why did the hens have to give up their eggs? Napoleon needed to sell to get money for food for the animals. 2. How has Snowball’s role been changed by the end of Chapter 6? Napoleon and Squealer have convinced the animals that Snowball had been in with the humans against the animals from the start. 3.
Why did Napoleon begin executing animals? He threatened the animals so they wouldn’t rebel against him. 4. Whom did Boxer blame for the executions? What was his solution? He said, “It must be due to some fault in ourselves. ” 5. Why did the animals sing the “Beasts of England” song slowly and mournfully as they were gathered on the knoll? Life on the farm was not as they had hoped it would be when the revolution began. 6. Why was the singing of “Beasts of England” banned? Napoleon said that it was no longer needed because the revolution was over, but the real reason was because it reminded the animals of the revolution. 7.
In what ways has Napoleon set himself apart from the other animals? He had titles like Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon , also because he lived separately. 8. How did Frederick cheat Napoleon? The bank notes with which he paid Napoleon for timber were forged. 9. What moved the animals to attack Frederick and his men at the Battle of the Windmill? The men blew up the animals windmill. 10. Why was Comrade Napoleon “dying”? The pigs had found the farmer’s whiskey, and Napoleon drank a lot. Chapters 9 – 10 1. What special treatment did pigs and piglets get? They received a special education, the piglets couldn’t play with other animals. . What happened to Boxer? Boxer was seriously injured. Napoleon said he would send boxer to the hospital but he sold him instead. 3. The animals on the farm worked hard. What was their consolation? Their consolation was that they were not working for man. 4. What was Clover startled to discover? She saw a pig walking on its hind legs. 5. What commandment took the place of the Seven Commandments? “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. ” 6. What did the other animals see when they looked in to the farmhouse? They saw the pigs in helpingthe humans.